The Awabakal and Worimi peoples are recognised and acknowledged as traditional custodians of the land and waters of the Newcastle area.
The earliest Aboriginal reference to the naming of Newcastle is Muloobinba (meaning Mu-lu-bin [edible sea fern] -ba [place of)].
Following European settlement, Newcastle became a penal station, a coal town, a steel city. It has a working port, and is steeped in a long heritage of labour and trade unionism.
Discovery and founding of Newcastle
From Captain Cook to convicts and coal seekers, this page provides you with some background on the discovery and early days of Newcastle.
The birth of Newcastle
Read about Friday 30 March 1804 when Charles Menzies arrived at the Hunter River to found a convict punishment centre which would develop in time to become the City of Newcastle.
Menzies Commission 1804
Read about the Commission dated 15 March 1804 which bears the official seal, to appoint Lieutenant Charles A. F. N. Menzies of the Royal Marines to command and superintend the settlement of Newcastle. The Commission is signed by Philip Gidley King, Governor of the Colony of New South Wales.
History of Local Councils pre 1938
Twelve local councils were established before 1938, including Adamstown Council, Carrington Council, Hamilton Council and Lambton Council.
In 2009 Newcastle celebrated 150 years of local democracy.